Es estadounidense y considerado como "el economista más importante del mundo" tanto por The New York Times como por la revista Time. Es Director del nuevo Centro para Desarrollo Internacional (CID) y presidente del nuevo consejo asesor Provost para Estudios Internacionales de Harvard, y copresidente del cuerpo de profesores del nuevo Master de Administración Pública en Desarrollo Internacional (MPA/ID) de la Kennedy School of Government.
En 2002, fue nombrado por el Secretario General Kofi Annan como Asesor Especial sobre los Objetivos de Desarrollo para el Nuevo Milenio. Asesoró a los gobiernos de Bolivia, Argentina, Brasil, Mongolia y Venezuela, entre otros, y ha sido consultor del FMI, del Banco Mundial y de la OCDE.
Jeffrey D. Sachs (born 1954) is an American economist known for his work as an economic advisor to governments in Latin America, Eastern Europe, the former Soviet Union, Asia, and Africa. He proposed shock therapy as a solution to the economic crises of Bolivia, Poland, and Russia. He is also know for his work with international agencies on problems of poverty reduction, debt cancellation, and disease control – especially HIV/AIDS, for the developing world.
Sachs' research interests include the links of health and development, economic geography, globalization, transitions to market economies, international financial markets, international macroeconomic policy coordination, emerging markets, economic development and growth, global competitiveness, and macroeconomic policies in developing and developed countries.
Sachs received his B.A., summa cum laude, from Harvard University in 1976, and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Harvard in 1978 and 1980 respectively.
He joined the Harvard faculty as an Assistant Professor in 1980, and was promoted to Associate Professor in 1982 and Full Professor in 1983. In 2002, Sachs was named Director of the Columbia University Earth Institute. He is also a Special Advisor on the Millennium Development Goals, United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan, and Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research. Previously, Sachs has been an advisor to the IMF, the World Bank, the OECD, the World Health Organization, and the United Nations Development Program.